The world’s most valuable retailer, Alibaba, carries no stock.
The world’s largest taxi company, Uber, owns no cars.
The world’s most popular media conglomerate, Facebook, creates no content.
The world’s largest accommodation provider, Airbnb, owns no property.
The creation of intangible value through internet assets has been a popular trend in modern history. In the past this has led to disastrous vicious-cycles, (similar to positive-feedback-loops), that can cause an economic system to descend into chaos.
Speculation on the value of internet assets was what caused the .com bubble of 2000 to inflate - burst. The bubble that popped in 2000 was an asset price bubble that resulted from the explosive stock market growth as the internet emerged. Another period of rapid tech development is almost upon us; in the future it will be referred to as the Machine Learning, AI, and/or Quantum Computing revolution.
Having said that there's the possibility of enormous technological growth in the near future, I'm not saying it will happen tomorrow. The United States could very well end up in another recession if the economy doesn't react well to the unprecedented treatment it's received from the Federal Reserve, ZIRP, etc.
Irrespective of the domestic/global economic landscape, technological progress is inevitable. As time passes the electronics humans use worldwide will only get smarter, faster, and more advanced.
Technological progress sees no regression.
(unless you work at Apple... Iphone 6s > Iphone 7)
The Financial Instability Hypothesis is one of the crowning achievements of Hyman Minsky. It blames debt accumulation for financial crises, emphasizing the macroeconomic impact of three classes of borrowers.
1. Hedge Borrowers - Hedge borrowers are the safest type of debt, as they have the ability to pay back principal and interest regardless of whether or not they are offered additional credit.
2. Speculative Borrowers - Speculative borrowers take out debt less responsibly, they are capable of paying back principle, but must borrow again to make interest payments.
3. Ponzi Borrowers - Ponzi borrowers are incapable of making principal/interest loan payments without additional sources of credit. Ponzi borrowers only remain solvent if they're investing in consistently/indefinitely appreciating assets.
The issue with ponzi borrowers is that no investment appreciates indefinitely. If you could invest for guaranteed return, then it wouldn't have been an investment in the first place.
A combination of asset prices declining and too many ponzi borrowers existing causes macroeconomic issues. Specifically: ponzi borrowers start defaulting across the board, asset prices decline more sharply, causing speculative borrowers to start to default on their loans too. If the lending situation is bad enough, ponzi defaults can even cause some of the hedge borrowers to start to fail.
Google's new texting app Allo will be their alternative to Apple's I-message and Facebook's Messenger. Allo comes with Google's new virtual assistant built in; Similar to (Apple/Siri, Android/Cortana).
Like all of Google's "free" products they use your data to improve their business operations. If you read my Alphabet Article, you'd know just how many business operations Google uses your data with.
With Allo it's different. As a machine-learning based artificial-intelligence program, Allo will be able to use all of it's users messages as raw data for machine learning algorithms. Alphabet/ Google will likely have a program capable of human-level intelligent conversation within a year.
Is not responsible for your investments.